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Why is white wine white?

White wine can be made from any grapes which have white juice. White grape juice, unlike milk, ranges in color from pale green, thru green-gold  and gold to almost having a pink blush.The juice is pressed from the grapes after destemming. In the case of red skinned grapes the press is done gently to avoid color pigments being extracted from the skins and pulp immediately below the skin. Sometimes the grape skins are allowed to steep in the juice to extract additional aromatics and flavors prior to fermentation.

How are Rose, Blush, or Pink wines made?

They are made in a very similar process to white wines, but generally from red skinned grapes, which give some color to the wine when pressed, or by additional skin contact for a few hours at the beginning of the fermentation. They can also be blended from white wine and red wine to achieve the "right" degree of color. The technique used is controlled by law in many countries.

Where does the color, flavor and astringency in Red wine come from?

Red grapes are crushed and destemmed prior to fermenting. The skins and pulp are left in the juice while it ferments into wine until the winemaker decides that enough color, flavor and other desirable compounds have been extracted to give the wine the character he wants. At that point the wine is seperated from the skins and solids, which are then pressed to extract any juice left. This portion of the juice may then continue to ferment as a lot, or added back to other juice depending on the style of the producer.

What wine should I drink with my favorite food?

Simply, your favorite wine(s). Your taste is determined by your brain. Trust yourself!.

Hugh Johnson gives some guidelines on food pairings and affinities in his Pocket Wine Book, which may give you some ideas for experimentation outside your normal pattern.

 

 


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